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Research in Wildlife Conservation

 

At Chitwan and Bardia, you may encounter rare and endangered animals such as the one-horned rhinoceros and Royal Bengal tiger. Other species that can be found in the parks are wild elephants, sloth bears, several species of deer, leopards and langur and rhesus monkeys. Gharial and marsh mugger crocodiles and the freshwater Gangetic dolphins also inhabit the rivers. Koshi Tappu, in particular, is a bird watchers paradise, where hundreds of different species of water birds have been recorded. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve covers an area of 175 sq km and is in the eastern Terai region of Nepal. It lies on the flood plains of the Sapt Koshi and is for the most part, enclosed within the 8 meter high embankments of the Koshi Barrage, which has been designed to minimise the destructive annual floods. It is a beautiful and fascinating aquatic environment and is home to an astonishing variety of water birds that flock to its ponds full of flowering plants. From athmandu, the Reserve is about a 10 hour, 450 km drive along the Mahendra Highway. It is also possible to fly to Biratnagar, from where it is a 50km journey by road. The reserve provides an important habitat for a variety of wildlife but, in particular, water birds, including several migratory species such as the sarus crane from Siberia. In all, a total of 280 different species of birds have been recorded and these include many varieties of ducks, ibis, storks, egrets and herons, as well as the endangered swamp partridges and Bengal floricans.Koshi Tappu is also home to the last surviving population of wild water buffalo and its other inhabitants include blue cows, various species of deer, Gangetic dolphins and gharial crocodiles.

Millions of people in Nepalese are still dependent on traditional livelihoods, many of which have significant impacts on wildlife and its habitat. The Communities for Conservation programme seeks to build partnerships with local and traditional communities for effective biodiversity conservation. The programme encourages sustainable traditional practices or alternative livelihoods that do not support exploitation of wild flora and fauna. This initiative is a response to an issue of enormous international concern. The rapid speed with which more and more species are being critically endangered is something that must be urgently addressed. However the scale of developmental problems within Asia is such that the plight of the regions‚ wildlife has been marginalized. For local communities struggling to feed and educate themselves, wildlife extinction is a peripheral concern. This has also made it imperative for governments in the developed world to not only take an interest in the alarming state of wildlife depletion, which also directly effects the viability of forests‚ but to adopt an active role to support wildlife conservation.  From the pristine jungles Nepal, wildlife is being plundered and trafficked on an unprecedented scale

       •    Biodiversity is the biological diversity between species, within species and between ecosystems.

       •    It does not include non-living things such as CO2.

       •    It can change over time.

       •    It can be found everywhere, also in your backyard.

Biodiversity is the bases of human well-being and live on earth.Biodiversity is declining sharply. We are losing species at a rate that is by some accounts up to 1000 times the natural rate of extinction. As a consequence, the ability of ecosystems to provide valuable services to us and our economy is weakened with each and every disappearance. The higher the biodiversity in an environment is, the more organisms live there. An ecosystem consists of groups of organisms that interact with their physical environment in a certain area. Ecosystems are often clearly recognizable (dunes, forests, meadows, backyards). Even artificial and urban environments are called ecosystems.

All ecosystems provide goods and services which are called ecosystem services. Examples include timber, water purification and erosion control. Businesses depend directly or indirectly on ecosystems, for instance through their operations or procurement chain.We are just one of 13 million species living on this planet. Biological diversity is not only the basis for human existence but also in many ways a critical prerequisite and asset for most aspects of our economic activities. Ecosystems and businesses are interlinked. Entrepreneurial activities not only affect our species and ecosystems, they often also depend on these resources provided to us for free like fresh air and water, food, wood, minerals an so on. At the same time, enterprises profit from biodiversity indirectly, for example in the fields of flood protection and erosion control. There are direct and indirect causes of habitat loss. Direct causes are habitat change, climate change, invasive alien species, overexploitation of species and pollution. Indirect causes are demographic, economic, socio-political, cultural and religious as well as scientific and technological factors.

All businesses have either a direct or an indirect impact on biodiversity. In sectors such as the mining industry or forestry, most companies directly impact on biodiversity. In other sectors such as the consumer goods industry, companies are indirectly responsible for biodiversity; for instance through their supply chain.

 Conservation Education Centre

•  To develop innovative techniques and aids for nature conservation education

•  To provide consultancy and training service in conservation education techniques

•  To provide a platform for advocacy and liaison with decision makers

•  To build support for biodiversity conservation in and around protected areas

•  To demonstrate and promote environment-friendly practices

•  To become the national centre of excellence for nature conservation